Field Trips

General Information

Beginners are welcome on all field trips! Experienced members will share their butterfly knowledge and expertise with all field trip participants. Children accompanied by a responsible adult are welcome on SEABA field trips. A donation of $5 per person to benefit SEABA will be appreciated. Carpooling from the meeting place is encouraged and it is kind to share gas expenses. If high clearance vehicles are required for a trip, it will be noted in individual trip descriptions. Dress for the field with sturdy shoes, hat, sunscreen, and insect repellant. Bring your own water, snacks, and lunch. Close-focusing binoculars, cameras, and field guides will be helpful aids for butterfly observation and identification. Trips usually end by mid-afternoon unless noted differently in individual trip descriptions.

Please be aware that:

1. Collecting or netting is NOT allowed on SEABA field trips.

2. Pets, with the exception of service animals, are NOT allowed on SEABA field trips.

3. All field trip participants are required to sign SEABA's Release and Assumption of Risk form at the beginning of the trip. The form may be viewed at SEABA Release.

4. Please arrive a few minutes prior to the meeting time posted for trips to facilitate paperwork and introductions to other trip participants.

    5. Field trips may be cancelled or rescheduled on short notice due to changing weather or road conditions. Please check the website for updates prior to the Field Trip.

     

    Our Southeastern Arizona Butterfly Checklist can be downloaded here. Please note that the SEABA checklist is copyrighted.

    Local NABA Butterfly Counts are listed at NABA Counts

    Field trips organized by the Central Arizona Butterfly Association are listed at their website: CAzBA.

     

    Upcoming Field Trips

    August 30, 2017 -
    8:00am to 12:00pm

    Meeting Place: McDonald’s/Safeway parking lot at Tanque Verde Road and Catalina Highway.
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkel

    We will look for Rita Blues at Gordon Hirabayashi, with stops at other areas depending on nectar sources. Bring lunch, snacks, water, sun protection, binoculars, cameras, and personal items.

    Past Field Trips

    August 20, 2017 -
    7:30am to 2:00pm

    Meeting Place: 1. 7:30 AM at Safeway on Continental Road of I-19 in Green Valley or 8:15 AM at White Rock Campground restroom near Pena Blanca Lake. The campround is 9.7 miles west of I-19 on Ruby Road (AZ 289)
    Trip Leader: Larry Fellows
    Special Notes: The leader last drove Ruby Canyon Road on August 10th and it was passable for all vehicles, albeit a bit rough in places. Low clearance sedans may have difficulty negotiating the wash crossing just before the turnoff to the Sycamore Canyon parking area.

     

    If you want to visit one of the premier canyons in SE Arizona, this is it! We will carpool from both meeting places. Although it is a long drive (approximately 1.5 hours from the 1st meeting place), most years it is quite productive and at the very least extremely scenic. We don’t know what’s blooming now or what species we might see, but it’salways possible that some strays may have blown in during the monsoons.

    We will be walking for approximately 1.0 - 1.5 miles down the... more

    August 5, 2017 - 7:30am

    Meeting Place: 1. Fry’s parking lot on Houghton at Rita Road at 7:30 AM 2. Gathering Grounds Cafe in Patagonia at 8:30 AM
    Trip Leader: Fred Heath

    Join Fred as he scouts some of the areas which he will cover on the NABA Patagonia Count two days later. As you know, this NABA count is almost always in the top three counts for species, and is known for recording many of the uncommon skippers unique to SE AZ. Don’t worry if you have skipper-phobia, there are lots of other gaudy butterflies to be found!

    July 30, 2017 - 7:30am to August 1, 2017 - 12:00pm

    Meeting Place: Travel Center of America Truckstop, Willcox (I-10 exit #340)
    Trip Leader: Diane Touret
    Special Notes: This TRIP is FULL! * * * RSVP to: seaba_publicity@yahoo.com to be put on a waiting list for this trip. * * * Donation of $15.00/participant (3 days x $5.00) will be appreciated.

    Trip description:

    1) Day 1: Sunday, July 30th – 7:30AM - meet in Willcox, AZ on the restaurant side of the Travel Center of America Truckstop. Drive via NM78 over the Big Lue Mountains into New Mexico and then north to Alpine via US180. Various stops for butterflies along the way. Overnight in Springerville. Several motels are available in the Springerville area.

    2) Day 2: Monday, July 31st – This day we will need to carpool into no more than... more

    July 8, 2017 - 10:00am

    Meeting Place: NONE
    Trip Leader: Cindy Bethard
    Special Notes: THIS TRIP HAS BEEN CANCELLED due to the Frye Wildfire

    Trip description:

    CANCELLED!!!!!

     

    July 8, 2017 -
    8:00am to 2:00pm

    Meeting Place: NONE
    Trip Leader: Cindy Bethard
    Special Notes: CANCELLED - THE CATALINA HIGHWAY UP MT. LEMMON IS CURRENTLY CLOSED TO ALL TRAFFIC DUE TO THE BURRO WILDFIRE.

    We will carpool from the meeting place to the higher elevations along the Mt. Lemmon highway in search of mid-summer butterflies, ending somewhere around Summerhaven or Mt. Bigelow. Actual stops will depend upon what is blooming and the availability of parking, since the Mt. Lemmon highway will undoubtedly be very busy this weekend.

    June 2, 2017 -
    7:30am to 4:00pm

    Meeting Place: McDonald’s/Safeway parking lot at Tanque Verde & Catalina Highway
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkel

    We’ll meet at 7:30am at McDonald’s/Safeway parking lot at Tanque Verde & Catalina Highway to carpool up the mountains to about 7000’ elevation to look for Colorado Hairstreaks, Thicket Hairstreaks, AZ Hairstreaks and other beauties.  Plan on all day in the field or leave when you need to.

    May 12, 2017 - 12:00am

    Meeting Place: To Be Determined
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkel
    Special Notes: This field trip is limited to five participants and you must contact the field trip leader, Mary Klinkel, to participate on this trip.

    We will Ping-Pong up the Catalina Highway making quick stops along the way to our main goal of finding Black Checkerspot.  Meeting time and place will be shared with the first five people to contact the leader and register for a spot on this trip.  Plan on 5-6 hours in the field with no stop for lunch (leader has to work later in afternoon).  Bring snacks, water, etc.

     

    Black Checkerspot photo by Larry Fellows

    April 30, 2017 -
    9:00am to 2:00pm

    Meeting Place: Trader Joe's parking lot located at Oracle Road & McGee. We will carpool from here approximately 5 miles to Catalina State Park on the western side of the Santa Catalina Mts. There is a $7 fee per car (up to 4 people) or AZ State Park Pass required.
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkel

    At Catalina State Park We will wander around the Sutherland Trail and various wet streambed areas.  We will finish by 2pm.

    April 22, 2017 -
    8:45am to 1:30pm

    Meeting Place: 8:45AM in the Safeway/McDonald’s parking lot in the Continental Plaza west of I-19 (take Continental Exit, turn right) to sign in and carpool to Box Canyon.
    Trip Leader: Gerry Wolfe
    Special Notes: Alternative meeting place: 9:30AM at the Box Canyon bridge (8.0 miles west of AZ Hwy 83 on Greaterville road which becomes Box Canyon Road. Please note the last 4.7 miles are on a dirt road. Acacia Skipper (Cogia hippalus) photo by Larry Fellows

     

    Trip description: This is a great time to join your fellow butterfly enthusiasts for a few hours enjoying the outdoors. We will go to a very beautiful canyon that runs east to west (providing a good butterfly flight path) in the foothills of the Santa Rita Mountains. On recent trips in the past few weeks various SEABA members have identified over 30 species in Box Canyon. Come and join us to hopefully see some interesting species before the real heat of late spring... more

    April 2, 2017 -
    8:00am to 1:15pm

    Meeting Place: 8:00AM at McDonald’s in Green Valley, AZ, on Continental Rd. off I-19
    Trip Leader: Gerry & Vicki Wolfe
    Special Notes: Alternate Meeting Place: 8:50AM at USFS restroom at White Rock Campground at Peña Blanca Lake. Directions: From I19 and route 289 (Ruby Road) turn west (right) and proceed 9.7 miles until you come to a Y. Turn left onto Ruby Road and proceed .2 mile to White Rock CG.

    Trip description: Spring at Pena Blanca Lake is a very pretty time to visit. We will be looking for butterflies as we walk around the north and west sides of Pena Blanca Lake. We will park at three different locations on the lake and walk for periods of time at each stop. Our last stop will be at the launch ramp facility at the end of the paved road. From there, we will walk south along the west shore of the lake towards the dam. Past trips have identified various Sulphurs,... more

    March 17, 2017 -
    9:30am to 1:00pm

    Meeting Place: McDonald’s/Safeway parking lot at the intersection of Tanque Verde Road and Catalina Highway.
    Trip Leader: Larry Fellows
    Special Notes: Carpooling is encouraged, although parking at the campground should not be a major problem. A National Parks and Federal Recreational Lands Pass (Annual, Senior, Access, Military, Volunteer, Golden Age or Golden Access) or a fee is required for parking at this location.

     

    Trip Description: We’ll walk along the Arizona Trail and a sandy wash, approximately 1.5-2 mi. round trip.  Rhus trilobata (Skunk Bush) is blooming but Manzanitas are largely through blooming.  We’ll be looking for Brown Elfins, AZ Hairstreaks, Juniper Hairstreaks, Sara Orangetips, and possibly Spring Whites, as well as other species.

     

    Type of terrain: Much of the walking will be along the rocky, sandy Arizona Trail.  We’ll also spend... more

    March 10, 2017 -
    10:00am to 1:00pm

    Meeting Place: The overflow parking area 1/4 mile north of Sabino Canyon. Turn right off Sabino Canyon Road into the access for Southern AZ Rescue Association (SARA) and park in the overflow lot. (NOTE: A Coronado Pass is required to park in this lot.) .
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkel
    Special Notes: A National Parks and Federal Recreational Lands Pass (Annual, Senior, Access, Military, Volunteer, Golden Age or Golden Access) or a fee is required for parking at this location.

     

    We will walk approximately 2.5 miles on rocky trails and paved road from the parking area to Cholla Wash, Esperero Trail to Rattlesnake Trail, down to the paved road,  and back to our cars by 1pm. 

     

    Spring wildflowers are blooming, Rattlesnake Creek is flowing, and Streaky Skippers are flying.  Numbers and species of butterflies are increasing daily.  This will be an early scouting trip for the upcoming Sabino Canyon Spring Butterfly Count set for March 26.

    March 4, 2017 -
    9:30am to 12:00pm

    Meeting Place: Pima Canyon located at 1610 E. Magee Rd. off Oracle Rd., north of Ina.
    Trip Leader: Cindy Bethard
    Special Notes: Please RSVP to: Cindy Bethard by e-mail at: cindynik@hotmail.com. Try to carpool as much as possible, as trailhead parking is limited.

    This is a very beautiful trail in the northwest Tucson area where many wonderful vistas can be seen as we hike this interesting trail. We hope to see multiple spring species of butterflies including Emperors, Oranges, Blues, Checkerspots, Desert Marble and Sara Orangetips.

     

    Type of terrain: Trail has some rough areas; trekking poles may be helpful.

     

    February 25, 2017 -
    9:30am to 1:00pm

    Meeting Place: McDonald's/Safeway parking lot at the intersection of Tanque Verde Road and Catalina Highway. We will sign in here and double up on transportation, although parking should not be a major problem.
    Trip Leader: Larry Fellows
    Special Notes: A National Parks and Federal Recreational Lands Pass (Annual, Senior, Access, Military, Volunteer, Golden Age or Golden Access) or a fee is required for parking at Gordon Hirabayashi Campground.

    We'll walk along the Arizona Trail and a sandy wash, approximately 1.5-2 mi. round trip. Manzanita and Rhus trilobata should both be blooming. We'll be looking for Brown Elfins, AZ Hairstreaks, Juniper Hairstreaks, Sara Orangetips, and possibly Spring Whites, along with other more common species.

    Type of terrain: Much of the walking will be along the rocky, sandy Arizona Trail. We'll also spend time along the main wash, which will likely have quite a bit of water in... more

    February 10, 2017 -
    10:00am to 1:00pm

    Meeting Place: Meet about 3/10 mile north of the entrance to Sabino Canyon on Sabino Canyon Road, parking along the road near the entrance to the new overflow parking lot. There is legal parking there, pay attention to the parking signs.
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkel

    We will walk in on a wonderful trail near the Southern AZ Rescue Association.  The Sabino Canyon main parking area gets very congested and it is difficult to find parking at that time of the morning. This meeting place is much easier for parking, plus the parking pass is not required, for those who don’t have one. We will enjoy the fragrance of desert mistletoe blooms along the way while searching for butterflies nectaring at this wildflower and others. We will look for early Spring flyers... more

    January 31, 2017 -
    10:00am to 1:00pm

    Meeting Place: Meet at 10:00 a.m. at McDonald’s/Safeway parking lot at Tanque Verde Road and Catalina Highway.
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkel
    Special Notes: Due to predicted cool weather, this trip was rescheduled from Jan 28th to Jan 31st. A National Parks and Federal Recreational Lands Pass (Annual, Senior, Access, Military, Volunteer, Golden Age or Golden Access) or a fee is required for the parking lot in Molino Basin.

    We’ll walk the paved campground road, approximately 1.5 mi. round trip.  Weather permitting we’ll search for early season flyers such as Sara Orangetips and Brown Elfins.

    Type of terrain: Most of the walking will be along the paved road. Those who are able may choose to walk along the hillsides adjacent to the road, where there are no trails but only rocky grassy terrain.

    October 29, 2016 -
    9:00am to 2:30pm

    Meeting Place: 1. 9:00 AM - Fry’s parking lot located at 8080 S. Houghton on the corner of S. Houghton & Rita Road. 2. 10:00AM - Patagon Butterfly Garden at 347 McKeown Ave, Patagonia.
    Trip Leader: Bill and Mary Adams
    Special Notes: TRIP OFFICIAL DATE: 10/29/16 Please arrive a few minutes early in order to sign the SEABA waiver form and to run personal errands so that we can leave on time.

    This annual fun and exciting SEABA trip generally produces many species in a small and easily accessible area. The Rabbitbrush is now blooming in Harshaw Creek. We expect a fun day and multiple species of butterflies such as all three Ladies, various Skippers, Monarchs, Queens, Gulf Fritillary, Variegated Fritillary, Common and Tropical Buckeye and many other species including the possibility of one or two tropical strays. Last weekend on a scouting trip 40 species were seen.

    We will... more

    October 8, 2016 -
    8:00am to 2:00pm

    Meeting Place: 1. 8:00 AM at McDonald's on Continental Road of I-19 in Green Valley. 2. 8:45 AM at White Rock Campground restroom near Pena Blanca Lake. To reach the campround from I-19, drive west on AZ 289 (Ruby Road) 9.7 miles to the Y-intersection of Ruby Road and
    Trip Leader: Bill & Mary Adams

    If you want to visit one of the premier canyons in SE Arizona, this is it! Although it is a long drive (approximately 1.5 hours from the 1st meeting place), most years it is quite productive and at the very least extremely scenic. We will be walking for approximately 1.0 - 1.5 miles down the canyon alonside the streambed. There is permanent flowing water in the canyon, beautiful rock formations, and high canyon walls to stimulate your senses. We will be looking for many species of... more

    September 25, 2016 -
    8:00am to 2:00pm

    Meeting Place: McDonald’s parking lot located on Continental Rd. off I-19
    Trip Leader: Gerry & Vicki Wolfe

    Meeting Places and Time: 8:00 AM in the McDonald’s parking lot located on Continental Rd. off I-19 in order to carpool down to Box Canyon or meet at 8:30AM at the Box Canyon bridge (8.0 miles west of AZ Hwy 83 on Greaterville road which becomes Box Canyon Road. Note that the last 4.7 miles are on a dirt road passable to passenger cars. Please arrive a few minutes early in order to sign the SEABA waiver form and to run... more

    August 31, 2016 -
    8:00am to 1:00pm

    Meeting Place: Sabino Canyon Visitor Center
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkle

    Hundreds of butterflies performed gracefully at Sabino Canyon for the Butterfly Happiness Field Trip.  Participants wandered through Sonoran desert scrub vegetation with flowering paperflower, milkweed, desert cassia, marina and other wildflowers doing well with decent monsoon rains.  Sleepy Orange was observed egg-laying, and eggs of Cloudless Sulphur and caterpillars of both species were observed

    August 28, 2016 - 8:30am

    Meeting Place: Whitehouse Campground near Peña Blanca Lake
    Trip Leader: Cindy Bethard

    The Group met trip leader Cindy Bethard at 8:20 AM at White Rock Campround near Peña Blanca Lake and searched the inflow wash and Thumb Rock cove areas for butterflies on a sunny, calm, and warm morning. Fifty-one species of butterflies were seen, including 3 unusual species sightings, which are highlighted in bold. Not all of the  attendees saw all of the species. Other notable sightings were a Black Witch moth (Ascalapha odorata) and numerous very small Red-spotted Toads (... more

    August 21, 2016 - 7:15am

    Meeting Place: Fry’s parking lot at 8080 S. Houghton Rd. at the corner of Houghton and Rita Road which is 2.8 miles north of Interstate 10 on Houghton Road.
    Trip Leader: Bill and Mary Adams

    Monsoon clouds and cool weather set in just before noon, so the trip ended shortly after lunch. 21 species were identified by the group on the trip

    August 20, 2016 - 8:00am

    Meeting Place: Tumacácori National Historical Park
    Trip Leader: Gerry & Vicki Wolfe

    The National Park Service and Sky Island Alliance are working to develop pollinator gardens at Tumacacori National Historical Park. They would like to better understand the species of insect pollinators that currently occur at the park. SEABA, other pollinator experts including persons from the U of A, Desert Museum and Alianza Mariposa Monarcha, as well as general nature enthusiasts were invited to participate in this dawn to after dark inventory. Five SEABA members met met At Tumacacori... more

    August 6, 2016 - 8:00am

    Meeting Place: Patagonia Butterfly Garden
    Trip Leader: Fred Heath

    The group met trip leader Fred Heath in Patagonia, AZ at 8:00 AM and made several stops along Harshaw Creek Road and gardens in Patagonia. Although we found a decent number of 36 species (list below), the number of individuals seemed somewhat low in general. Our most exciting discoveries were not butterflies, but a Black-tailed Rattlesnake found 1.5 feet up on a grass tussock and some Mexican Long-tongued Bats, one of which hung out in the open from a mesquite leaf allowing photographs. A... more

    July 31, 2016 - 7:30am

    Meeting Place: McDonald's parking lot, Continental Road, west of I-19, Green Valley
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkle

    Sixty-eight species were found during the count on a partly cloudy and windy morning by the participants. Two species were new to the count, listed in bold type:

    July 5, 2016 - 10:14pm

    Meeting Place: Wilcox, AZ
    Trip Leader: Dianne Touret

    The group assembled in Willcox, AZ at 8:00 AM and made several stops on Mt. Graham between Wet Canyon and Hospital Flat. 46 species were identified by the group on the trip.

    June 4, 2016 - 8:00am to June 6, 2016 - 2:30pm

    Meeting Place: McDonald's parking lot, Payson, AZ
    Trip Leader: Dianne Touret
    Special Notes: Trip was limited to 14 participants

    Twelve participants butterflied from Payson to Flagstaff, and then in the mountains surrounding Flagstaff.

    May 30, 2016 - 8:00am

    Meeting Place: McDonald's parking lot, Continental Road west of I-19, Green Valley
    Trip Leader: Cindy Bethard

    We had a pleasant and liesurely trip to Madera Canyon. We saw more butterflies at Proctor than further up the canyon, but the trails were peaceful and quiet as soon as we got a few hundred yards from the parking lot. Although we did not see many species of butterflies, there were many wonderful opportunities to view other wildlife. We got great looks at a male varied bunting taking a bath in the stream not far from the Proctor parking lot. A few minutes later, we watched 5 white-tailed deer... more

    April 3, 2016 - 7:30am

    Meeting Place: Sabino Canyon Visitor Center
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkle

    The sixth annual NABA Spring Sabino Canyon/Santa Catalina Mtns butterfly count was held April 3, with 10 groups of butterfliers covering a range of habitats from Sonoran Desert lowland to mixed conifers, The weather was perfect with temperatures ranging from about 50 degrees to 80 degrees F. Winds were light. Although a wet El Nino winter was anticipated, we actually have had a very dry and warm winter, so many of our spring fliers were done for the year. A total of 61 species were found.... more

    March 26, 2016 - 8:00am

    Meeting Place: White Rock Campground near Peña Blanca Lake
    Trip Leader: Gerry & Vicki Wolfe

    March 6, 2016 - 7:00am

    Meeting Place:
    Trip Leader: Cindy Bethard

    The weather was partly cloudy and slightly cool, with occasional breakouts of sunshine.  Winds were light.  We didn't see any butterflies until we got within 1/4 mile of the stream bed.  Most butterflies seen were singles, although we did see three Sara Orangetips and multiple Empress Leilias.  We hiked somewhat beyond the usual lunch spot, then came back and followed the stream bed for a while between the last two stream crossings.

    February 19, 2016 - 7:30am

    Meeting Place: Sabino Canyon Visitor Center
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkle

    February 13, 2016 - 8:00am

    Meeting Place: McDonald's Parking Lot, NE corner of Catalina Hwy and Tanque Verde Rd intersection, Tucson
    Trip Leader: Cindy Bethard

    On a cool and blustery day, we searched in vain for Brown Elfin (Callophrys augustinus) in the manzanitas at Molino Basin Campground on the Catalina Highway.

    January 23, 2016 - 8:00am

    Meeting Place: Sabino Canyon Visitor Center
    Trip Leader: John Rhodes

    On a cool, sunny, and blustery day, a few hardy participants went in search of very early season butterflies along the paved tram trail in Sabino Canyon.

    October 31, 2015 - 9:00am

    Meeting Place: Patagonia Butterfly Garden
    Trip Leader: Cindy Bethard

    On a beautiful, sunny fall day, the group spent a short time in the gardens in Patagonia, made a quick search for butterflies along Red Mountain Road, and then spent the rest of the trip amidst the rabbitbrush in full bloom in Harshaw Creek Wash. Highlights of the day's sightings are in bold type.

    October 17, 2015 - 9:00am

    Meeting Place: Brown Canyon Road, Buenos Aires NWR
    Trip Leader: Bill and Mary Adams

    On a special guided trip into Brown Canyon, we followed the creek and trail up to the arch in Brown Canyon. Brown Canyon is closed to the public unless accompanied by a Buenos Aires USFWS employee or Volunteer Guide. It was a lovely fall day in the canyon. Unusual butterflies seen are listed in bold type.

    October 11, 2015 - 8:00am

    Meeting Place: Arivaca Cienega, Buenos Aires Cienega, Arivaca, AZ
    Trip Leader: Gail Morris
    Special Notes: This trip is by special invitation from Monarchwatch.org

    SEABA members joined Gail Morris of Monarchwatch.org in forays off the official boardwalk to tag migrating monarch butterflies. Although only a few monarchs were found and tagged, a good time was had by all who showed to help with this important endeavor. in addition to the Monarchs, 20 other species of butterflies were seen.

    October 10, 2015 - 12:23am

    Meeting Place: White Rock Campground, Ruby Road off AZ 283 near Peña Blanca Lake
    Trip Leader: Bill and Mary Adams

    If you want to visit one of the premier canyons in SE Arizona, this is it! Although it is a long drive (approximately 1.5 hours from the 1st meeting place), most years it is quite productive and at the very least extremely scenic. We will be walking for approximately 1.0 - 1.5 miles down the canyon alonside the streambed. There is permanent flowing water in the canyon, beautiful rock formations, and high canyon walls to stimulate your senses. We will be looking for many species of... more

    October 4, 2015 - 9:00am

    Meeting Place: Proctor parking lot, Madera Canyon, Santa Rita Mountains
    Trip Leader: Pat and Dick Carlson

    On a lovely fall day, we explored the trails and Madera Creek between Proctor trailhead and Madera Picnic Area and ended the trip with lunch and exploring the creek bed at the Mt. Wrightson Picnic Area at the end of the road.

    September 27, 2015 - 7:30am

    Meeting Place: McDonald's parking lot, Continental Road, west of I-19, Green Valley
    Trip Leader: Mary Klinkle

    The group broke up into small teams of 2-4 people and surveyed a number of canyons in the Santa Rita Mountains, including, Box, Florida, Madera, Montosa, and Gardner. The Santa Rita Mtns Fall count had 5 high species national counts, with Chiracahua White and Red-bordered Satyr being unique to the nation.